** NUMERACY SKILLS**

**Working With Fractions, Decimals, and Percentages at the workplace**

Basic numeracy skills are important for many reasons. They can help you keep track of numbers in your head, do basic math quickly, and even understand more complex concepts. This helps to solve workplace problems. Numeracy skills are the skills required to understand and work with numbers. They include the ability to understand and use numbers to count, add, subtract, multiply, and divide. It also includes being able to understand and use fractions, decimals, and percentage

Numeracy skills are the ability to understand and work with numbers. This can include understanding and using basic math concepts, as well as more complex skills such as statistical analysis. Some basic workplace numeracy problems include calculating change, working out discounts and sale prices, and measuring quantities.

**Why Numeracy Skills are Important** **At Workplace**

Basic numeracy skills are important for many reasons. They help us understand and use numbers in everyday life. They also help us understand and solve mathematical problems.

Numeracy skills are important for many reasons. They enable individuals to understand and work with numbers, which is a fundamental life skill. Numeracy skills are also essential for managing money, interpreting data, and succeeding in many school subjects. In the workplace, numeracy skills are increasingly important as jobs become more complex and technology-based.

These skills are important because they provide a foundation for mathematical understanding. They help individuals to develop problem-solving skills and to think logically. Numeracy skills are also useful in everyday life, for tasks such as budgeting and Cooking.

**Steps to Learn Basic Numeracy skills**

1. Understand the concept of a number.

2. Be able to count.

3. Be able to add and subtract.

4. Be able to multiply and divide.

5. Be able to understand and use fractions.

6. Be able to understand and use decimals.

7. Be able to understand and use percentages.

8. Be able to understand and use basic algebra.

9. Be able to understand and use basic geometry.

10. Be able to understand and use basic statistics.

**Fraction**

When two whole numbers do not divide evenly, the division is called a fraction. The number above the line is called the numerator and the number below the line is called the denominator. The division of the numerator by the denominator is the fraction. For example, if someone has 2/3 of a pie, they have two slices of pie where there are three total slices

**How to add fractions together**

To add fractions together, you need to find a common denominator.

For example, if you are adding 1/4 + 1/3, you would multiply fractions, multiply the numerators (top numbers) together and multiply the denominators (bottom numbers) together.

For example, to multiply 1/4 by 1/3, you would multiply 1 by 1 and 4 by 3 to get 1/12.find a common denominator of 12. 1/4 + 1/3 = 6/12 + 4/12 = 10/12

**How to subtract fraction**

To subtract fractions, you need to find a common denominator between the two fractions.

For example, if you’re subtracting 1/4 from 3/8, you would find a common denominator of 8.

Then, you would change both fractions to have an 8 as the denominator. 1/4 would become 2/8 and 3/8 would become 6/8.

To subtract, you would simply take 6/8 – 2/8, which would equal 4/8.

**How to multiply a fraction**

To multiply fractions, multiply the numerators (top numbers) together and multiply the denominators (bottom numbers) together.

For example, to multiply 1/4 by 1/3, you would multiply 1 by 1 and 4 by 3 to get 1/12.

**How to divide fraction**

In order to divide fractions, you need to invert the divisor (turn it upside down) and multiply the two fractions together.

For example, if you wanted to divide 1/4 by 1/5, you would take 1/4 and multiply it by 5/1 (which is the same as 1/5 inverted). This would give you the answer of 5/16.

**Decimal**

Decimal is a base 10 number system. It uses 10 digits from 0 to 9. For example, the number 12 can be represented as 1 ten and 2 ones, or as 10 twos.

**How to add decimal**

Adding decimals is a pretty simple task, but it can be confusing if you don’t know how. In order to add decimals, you first need to line them up on paper so that the decimal points are in the same column. Once you have done that, you simply add the numbers in each column starting from the right side and working your way left.

Here is an example: Say we want to add 2.34 + 1.2 We would start by lining up the numbers like this: 2.34 1.20 Then we would add each column starting from the right: 4 + 0 = 4 3 + 2 = 5 2 + 1 = 3 So our answer would be 3.54

**How to subtract decimal**

To subtract decimals, line up the decimal points and subtract as if the decimal points weren’t there. Then, count the number of digits to the right of the decimal point in the answer, and put the decimal point that many digits from the right in the original numbers.

For example, to subtract 0.58 from 3.14, line up the decimal points and subtract as if the decimal points weren’t there: 3.14 -0.58 _____ 2.56 Then, count the number of digits to the right of the decimal point in the answer (in this case, it’s 2), and put the decimal point that many digits from the right in the original numbers: 3.14 -0.58 _____ 2.56 The answer is 2.56.

**How to multiply a decimal**

To multiply decimals, line up the decimal points and multiply as if there were no decimal points. Then, count the number of digits to the right of the decimal point in each number, and place the decimal point in the answer that many digits from the right.

For example, to multiply 0.7 by 0.05, line up the decimal points and multiply 7 by 5 to get 35.

Then, count the number of digits to the right of the decimal point in each number (2 in 0.7 and 1 in 0.05), and place the decimal point in the answer that many digits from the right (in this case, 3 digits from the right, which would give the answer 0.035).

**How to divide decimal**

To divide decimals, you need to move the decimal point in both the dividend and the divisor to the right.

For example, if you wanted to divide 7.2 by 3, you would move the decimal points in both numbers two spaces to the right, so 7.2 would become 72 and 3 would become 30. Then, you would divide 72 by 30 to get 2.4.

**Percentage**

Understanding percentages is an important skill. Discounts, product margins, cost-of-living data… it’s almost all expressed in percentages. A percentage is a part of a whole, expressed in hundredths (“percent” literally means, “by 100” or “one-hundredth part”). So 23% of a quantity is 23 hundredth parts of it, or 23⁄100. Tip: A percentage is usually indicated by the symbol %, but it can also be written out as percent or percent.

**Step 1**: Let’s say we want to calculate the percentage of marks scored by a student in her exams.

**Step 2**: Let the total marks be 100 and the marks scored by the student be 80.

**Step 3**: To calculate the percentage, we need to divide the marks scored by the student by the total marks and multiply the result by 100 like this – Marks scored by the student \ Total marks * 100 80 \ 100 * 100 = 80% So, the student has scored 80% marks.

**How to calculate and add a percentage**

There are a couple of different ways to calculate and add a percentage to an amount. One way would be to convert the percentage to a decimal and then add it to the original amount.

**For example**, if you wanted to add 10% to $50, you would first convert 10% to 0.10, and then add that to $50. The answer would be $55. Another way to add a percentage to an amount would be to calculate what 10% of the amount is, and then add that to the original amount.

For example, if you wanted to add 10% to $50, you would first calculate 10% of $50, which is $5. You would then add that $5 to the original $50, for a total of $55.

**How do subtract a percentage**

To subtract a percentage, multiply the original value by the percent, and then subtract that result from the original value. For example, To subtract 10% from 80, multiply 80 by 10% to get 8, and then subtract 8 from 80 to get 72.

How to Give One Number as a Percentage of an Another

To give one number as a percentage of another, divide the number by the percentage and then multiply by 100.

** For example,** to calculate what percentage 75 is of 100,

then multiply by 100.

75 divided by 100 equals 0.75.

0.75 multiplied by 100 equals 75.

Therefore, 75 is 75 percent of 100.

**Key Points**

Numerical skills are important in the workplace. They allow you to understand and manipulate data, and to feel confident when you’re making decisions that are based on numbers or quantities. Fractions, decimals, and percentages all involve parts of whole numbers. Working with them requires a number of separate, but simple, operations.

** Numerator:** The top part of a fraction. The number of parts of something.

**Denominator**: The lower part of a fraction. The total number of parts that make up the whole.

** Decimal point:** The point that separates numbers larger than one from numbers smaller than one. Percentage: A hundredth part of something.